farmer at work

Row Crop Producer / Farmer Career Overview

A farmer (or row crop producer) plants and harvests row crops. Traditionally, that means:

  • Potatoes
  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Wheat
  • Canola
  • Cotton
  • Sunflowers

and more. This is done either independently for a farm they own or for a larger company.

What does a row crop producer do?

To get more specific about the first section, farmers also have the following responsibilities:

  • Preparation for the season by purchasing seed
  • Prepare the land by tilling in spring and fall
  • Use an assortment of farming equipment ranging from tractors, loaders, discs, cultivators, planters, and harvesters.
  • Crop harvesting
  • Keep machines running with regular maintenance
  • Manage inventory
  • Manage sales of harvested crops
  • Haul grain to processing plants

As you can see, row crop producers have a wide range of possible responsibilities. If they’re independent, that also means they have to manage paperwork and keep records.

How to become a row crop producer

A high school diploma is enough to get your foot in the door. However, an associate’s degree or higher in a field like agriculture can be very helpful.

Additional certifications can also help a lot with all of the duties they have, like a CDL or pesticide applicator license.


  1. CDL
  2. Pesticide applicator license

Work opportunities

Row crop producers have options – some may choose to work on their own, others may choose to work for larger companies involved with crop production.

Professional farming associations and organizations

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